Volume 5, No. 4 , December 2017
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Nanosheet-Structured Boron Carbon Nitride Spheres as Stable Electrocatalyst Support for Oxygen Reduction Reaction

Fei Liu 1, 2, Yaqi Ren 1, Xixi Ji 1
1. Department of Material Science and Engineering, Shenzhen Graduate School, Harbin Institute of Technology, 518055, China.
2. School of Environmetal Science & Engineering, Southern University of Science and Technology, 518055, China.
Abstract: A novel nanosheet-structured boron carbon nitride spheres (BCNSs) have been prepared for application as electrocatalyst support of oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) for the first time. The BCNSs were prepared by a catalyzed thermal evaporation method from solid B powders. The BCNSs are hollow with the diameter in the range of 450-500 nm and composed of many radially oriented ultrathin nanosheets with a mean thickness of 8.6 nm. Due to immobilization in the spheres the constituting BCN nanosheets are free of agglomeration, capable of preserving high surface area during application. Small Pt nanoparticles with diameters of 2-8 nm were deposited onto the BCNSs by ethylene glycol reduction method. The Pt/BCNSs catalyst shows excellent electrocatalytic performance for ORR with the onset potential at 0.10 V and current retention of 85.4 % after 20 000s, which is superior to the commercial 20 % Pt/C catalyst. The improved electrocatalytic performance of the Pt/BCNSs arises from the unique structure and high chemical stability of the BCNSs support and the possible synergistic effect between Pt and the support. The present work indicates that the BCNSs are excellent electrocatalyst support for ORR, which can be further improved by optimizing the composition and structure.

Key words: Boron carbon nitride, nanosheets, spheres, oxygen reduction reaction.

Cite:Fei Liu, Yaqi Ren, Xixi Ji, "Nanosheet-Structured Boron Carbon Nitride Spheres as Stable Electrocatalyst Support for Oxygen Reduction Reaction," International Journal of Materials Science and Engineering, Vol. 5, No. 4, pp. 123-132, December 2017. doi: 10.17706/ijmse.2017.5.4.123-132

General Information

ISSN: 2315-4527 (Print)
Abbreviated Title: Int. J. Mater. Sci. Eng.
Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Emeritus Dato' Dr. Muhammad Yahaya
DOI: 10.17706/ijmse
Abstracting/ Indexing: Ulrich's Periodicals Directory, Google Scholar, Crossref
E-mail: ijmse@iap.org